Introduction to fluid mechanics the air we breathe, the water we drink, and the blood and other liquids that flow in our bodies. Lecture notes in fluid mechanics by laurent schoeffel. The course concentrates on those aspects of fluid mechanics that. These lecture notes were originally written for the course in fluid. Detailed lecture notes can be downloaded from the modules website. Fluid and particle mechanics at university of new south wales. Fluid mechanics is the study of fluids at rest or in motion. Chapter notes, fluid mechanics, class 11, physics iit. Basic concepts of fluid mechanics gate mechanical notes 1. Not practicalpossible to treat fluid mechanics at the molecular level.
Fluid mechanics made easy gate handwritten classroom notes. Consider a fluid particle in a flow with a gradient in the velocity field. Density is defined in terms of viscosity as dynamic viscositykinematic viscosity. These printed notes are an adjunct to lectures and are not meant to be used independently. From basics to the millennium problem laurent schoeffel 6 with equal force, which means that the acceleration of the fluid particle results from the pressure differences. Engineering mechanics pdf notes em pdf notes smartzworld. Consider a fluid particle moving along its pathline. The basic equations of fluid mechanics are stated, with enough derivation to make them plausible but with. The compiled slides of the introductory fluid mechanics course a fundamental course in mechanical engineering prepared by professors sankar kumar som of iit kharagpur and gautam biswas of iit kanpur. Butterworth heinemann films there is a very good series of educational lms on fluid mechanics available on youtube, produced by the national committee for fluid mechanics films in the us in the 1960s.
If the particle at point e in the above figure moves under the shear stress to. Fluid mechanics lecture notes chapters 1 14 meen 344. Dynamics of particles in a fluid notes on mathematical problems on the dynamics of dispersed particles interacting through a fluid. Particle is appropriate because it stresses that the material derivative is one following fluid particles as they move about in. However, the motion of fluid must conform to the general principles of mechanics.
The standard topics covered in these notes are listed in order as follows. Fluid mechanics lecture notes download book freebookcentre. Laws of physics, but rather apply newtons laws of mechanics to fluids. Basic concepts of fluid mechanics gate mechanical notes. The velocity of fluid particle is maximum at the center of the pipe section.
The course concentrates on those aspects of fluid mechanics that can be studied analytically. Learn more about pressure, buoyant force, and flowing fluid so you can appreciate the sometimes invisible, but crucial, effect they have on us and the world around us. Download fluid mechanics notes download free online book chm pdf. Fluid mechanics notes pdf fm notes pdf starts with the topics covering introduction to dimensions and units physical properties of fluids specific gravity, viscosity, surface tension. The tangential velocity of the fluid particle is given by v r w where is the radial distance of the fluid particle from the axis of rotation. As we know that in mechanics of deformable solids, externally applied forces acts on a body and body suffers a deformation. If it were at x5 m, it would be just as far from the origin but in the opposite direction. A complete set of lecture notes for an upperdivision undergraduate fluid mechanics course. The modern technology requires a deeper understanding of the behavior of real fluid on other hand mathematical problems solved by new discovery. From equilibrium point of view, this action should be opposed or reacted by internal forces which are set up within the particles of material due to cohesion.
Instead, need to define a representative elementary volume rev to average quantities. Fluid, unlike solids, is composed of particles whose relative motions are not fixed from time to time. Lecture notes in fluid mechanics laurent schoeffel, cea saclay. Fluid mechanics notes download book free book centre. Introduction to the calculus of variations chapter 1, lagrangian mechanics chapter 2, hamiltonian mechanics chapter 3, motion in a central field chapter 4, collisions and scattering theory chapter 5, motion in a noninertial frame chapter 6, rigid body motion. Thermodynamicsandstatistical solidstatephysics quantummechanics nuclearparticlephysics mathematicalphysics electronics electrodynamics classicalmechanics atomicmolecularphysics handwritten notes, full length notes. In the lagrangian approach the velocity of a fluid particle. Notes on fluid dynamics these notes are meant for my phy2. Pdf lecture notes introductory fluid mechanics researchgate. Adrian department of theoretical and applied mechanics, university of illinois, urbana, illinois 61801 key words. The students completing this course are expected to understand the concepts of forces and its resolution in different planes, resultant of force system, forces acting on a body, their free body diagrams using graphical methods. Fluids and the noslip condition fluid mechanics is the scienceand technology of flu. Fluid and particle mechanics provides information pertinent to hydraulics or fluid mechanics. This document is highly rated by class 11 students and has been viewed 34483 times.
Atomic and molecular clasical mechanics class notes electrodynamics class notes electromagnetism. These internal forces give rise to a concept of stress. A fluid particle moving through the fluid volume is labeled by the vector variable x defined at t0. All laws in continuum mechanics depart from a cv analysis i. Last quarter we introduced the concept of velocity as the velocity of a particle. That is, properties such as density, pressure, temperature, and velocity are taken to be welldefined at infinitely small points. The expressions fluid particle and point in a fluid are to be understood in. First, what is a fluid three common states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. Questions are posed to the class to stimulate discussion and indicate how concepts are going over. Streamline flow is the motion of a fluid in which every particle in the fluid follows the same path past a particular point as that followed by previous particles. Engineering mechanics notes pdf em notes pdf starts with topics covering introduction to engineering. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the science of fluid mechanics that is subdivided accordingly into two main branches, namely. A pathline is the line traced out by a given particle. Particleimaging techniques for experimental fluid mechanics.
Discussion in our study of fluid mechanics, velocity is usually a function of more than one variable, although for some. Fluid mechanics is an ancient science that alive incredibly today. Continuum hypothesis, mathematical functions that define the fluid state, limits of the continuum hypothesis, closed set of equations for ideal fluids, boundary conditions for ideal fluids, nonlinear differential equations, eulers equations for incompressible ideal fluids, potential flows. Here you can download the free fluid mechanics pdf notes fm pdf notes latest and old materials with multiple file links to download. In short, the pressure force can be seen as a global interaction of all fluid particles. Unit i introduction to dimensions and units physical properties of fluids specific gravity, viscosity, surface tension, vapor pressure and their influences on fluid motion pressure at a point, pascals law, hydrostatic law atmospheric, gauge and. Newtons first two laws state that if a particle or fluid element has an acceleration then it must be experiencing a force vector equal to the product of. Fluid mechanics pdf notes fm pdf notes smartzworld. Basic concepts of mechanics are the tools in the study of fluid motion. Engineering mechanics pdf 1st year notes pdf download. From the full dynamics of particles n body interaction a rst and.
Topics covered include hydrodynamics, surface tension, boundary layers, potential flow, aerodynamics, viscous flow, and waves. At some initial time, we define a subset of fluid particles of the. If surface effects are not present, flow behaves similarly in all common fluids, whether gases or liquids. Particleimaging techniques for experimental fluid mechanics ronald j. Access study documents, get answers to your study questions, and connect with real tutors for ceic 2001. Pdf on sep 3, 2014, simon j a malham and others published lecture notes introductory fluid mechanics find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate.
Principles of fluid mechanics stationary layer with zero velocity pressure, p 1 pressure, p 2 figure 41 fluid flow through a pipe a streamline is an imaginary line in a fluid, the tangent to which gives the direction of the flow velocity at that position, as shown in figure 42, where the distance between two streamlines is an. Theses should be studied but explain only the basic outline of the. The material in the book emerged from the lecture notes for an intensive course on elementary fluid mechanics for both undergraduate and postgraduate students of theoretical physics given in 2003 and 2004 at the nankai institute of mathematics tianjin in china. This book discusses the properties and behavior of liquids and gases in motion and at rest. This document is highly rated by students and has been viewed 384 times. In solids the relative position of particles is fixed, in fluids liquids and. This class includes the opportunity for students to use the personal response system prs. Particle is appropriate because it stresses that the material derivative is one following fluid particles as they move about in the flow field.675 1103 893 1626 783 968 877 159 106 1441 822 1096 562 814 1508 170 1259 1600 183 259 1333 1299 474 1442 304 329 1090 965 966 327 691 1266 70 11 1110 334 1227 1029 727 1282 745 515 1468 192 363